All About Legal Notices in India

by  Adv. Priyanka Sampathy  




7 mins


Master Legal Notices

Legal complexities in India often demand strategic actions, and a pivotal step in this journey is the issuance of a legal notice. Whether it involves a consumer dispute, property discord, or a check bouncing issue, a well-crafted legal notice can set the tone for legal proceedings. This comprehensive guide will delve into the critical elements of legal notices, their significance, the opportune moments to dispatch them, and an intricate process of drafting.

What Constitutes a Legal Notice?

In the Indian legal realm, a legal notice is a formal document sent by an individual or entity to express grievances formally. It serves as a prelude to potential legal action, issuing a stern warning to the recipient about unresolved issues that necessitate attention.

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The Significance of Filing a Legal Notice

1. Crystal Clear Intentions: Conveys a definitive intent to initiate legal proceedings if issues remain unaddressed.

2. Detailed Articulation: Allows for the meticulous description of grievances with the aid of a legal professional.

3. Amicable Resolution Opportunity: Provides the recipient with a chance to resolve issues without resorting to court battles.

4. A Reminder of Actions: Serves as a poignant reminder to the recipient regarding actions that led to the existing dispute.

People Also Read: The Steps to Send a Notice for Recovery of Money

Determining the Right Time to Dispatch a Legal Notice

Legal notices find applicability in various scenarios in the Indian legal landscape:

Property Disputes: Mortgage issues, delayed possession, eviction, etc.

Employment Matters: Wrongful termination, unpaid salary, HR policy violations, etc.

Consumer Complaints: Faulty products, deceptive advertising, etc.

Cheque Bounce Cases: Issuer of a dishonored cheque.

Personal Conflicts: Divorce, maintenance, child custody, etc.

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Demystifying the Legal Notice Filing Process: A Step-by-Step Format

Step 1: Consult with an Advocate

1. Selection of Advocate: Choose a legal professional experienced in the relevant field of law.

2. Discussion of Details: Share all pertinent details with the advocate, including names of involved parties, addresses, transaction dates, prior communications, and issues faced.

Step 2: Advocate’s Examination

1. Thorough Examination: The advocate conducts a thorough examination of the provided information, identifying essential points for inclusion in the legal notice.

2. Additional Information: If required, the advocate may seek additional information to bolster the legal notice.

Step 3: Legal Notice Drafting

1. Incorporate Legal Language: The advocate drafts the legal notice in legally sound language, stating the reason for sending the notice and detailing previous communications regarding grievances.

2. Stipulate Time Frame: A reasonable time frame, typically 15 or 30 days, is specified for the recipient to settle the matter or respond.

3. Emphasize Action: The notice emphasizes the action required from the recipient within the stipulated time frame.

Step 4: Signing and Sending the Notice

1. Dual Signatures: Both the advocate and the client sign the legal notice, solidifying its authenticity.

2. Sending via Registered AD: The notice is sent through Registered AD post, ensuring acknowledgement of receipt.

Step 5: Follow-Up

1. Expected Response: The advocate anticipates a response from the recipient after they receive the legal notice.

2. Advocate’s Initiative: As a customary practice, the advocate may initiate contact with the recipient after some time to discuss potential resolutions.

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Legal Notice Format




Ref. No. ________

Dated: ________



1 _______________

2 _______________


Dear Sir,

Under the instruction and on behalf of our client [CLIENT NAME], [DESCRIPTION], resident of [ADDRESS], I do hereby serve upon you with the following notice under section ___ of the _______ Act:

1 That my client [CLIENT NAME]…

[Continue with detailed content as per the specific case]

A copy of this legal notice is retained in my office for further necessary action.


Legal Notice under Section 80 of The Code of Civil Procedure, 1908

Section 80 mandates the dispatch of a legal notice to the Government or public officers before instituting legal proceedings against them. The notice serves the purpose of allowing the recipient to reassess their legal stance and potentially offer redressal without resorting to litigation. When contemplating legal action against the Government or a public officer in India, serving a legal notice under Section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (CPC) is a crucial preliminary step. 

Legal Notice under Section 138 of The Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881

In instances of a bounced cheque, Indian law mandates the dispatch of a legal notice within 30 days of the dishonour. Failure to repay within 15 days post notice allows the initiation of legal proceedings. The notice, jointly signed by the lawyer and payee, is sent through registered post.

Best Practices in Legal Notice Drafting

Opt for Color Printouts: If possible, use colour printouts with the lawyer’s logo for added professionalism.

Maintain Duplicate Copies: Keep two copies, one for the client and one for the lawyer, ensuring comprehensive recordkeeping.

Leverage Registered AD: Utilize registered AD for acknowledgement purposes, establishing a documented trail.

Secure Both Client and Lawyer Signatures: Ensure the legal notice bears the signatures of both the client and the lawyer for utmost credibility.


The potency of a well-drafted legal notice in the Indian legal landscape cannot be overstated. While not universally mandatory, its significance lies in its ability to articulate intentions, expound grievances, and present an opportunity for amicable resolution. Navigating the nuances of legal notices, adhering to best practices, and integrating legal acumen ensures a nuanced and effective approach to dispute resolution in the Indian context.

Frequently Asked Questions on Legal Notices in India

Q1. Is it mandatory to send a legal notice under Section 80 of the CPC before filing a suit against the Government or a public officer?

Ans1. Yes, it is mandatory. Section 80 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, stipulates that a legal notice must be served at least two months before initiating legal action against the Government or a public officer for acts performed in the discharge of official duties.

Q2. Can I draft and send the legal notice on my own without involving an advocate?

Ans2. While it is not mandatory to involve an advocate, seeking legal counsel is highly advisable. Advocates possess the expertise to draft notices in legally sound language, ensuring that all essential elements are covered.

Q3. What information should be included in the legal notice under Section 80 CPC?

Ans3. The legal notice should include the name, description, and place of residence of the sender, a clear statement of the cause of action, the relief claimed, and a summary of the legal basis for the relief claimed.

Q4. Is there a specific time frame within which the government or public officer must respond to the legal notice?

Ans4. There is no stipulated time frame mentioned in Section 80 CPC for the government or public officer to respond. However, it is expected that they will respond within a reasonable time. If no response is received, it may pave the way for initiating legal proceedings.

Q5. Can the legal notice be sent through electronic means, or is registered post mandatory?

Ans5. While there is no strict mandate on using registered posts, it is a common and preferred method. It ensures an acknowledgement of receipt, serving as crucial evidence. Electronic means may be acceptable depending on the circumstances.

Q6. What happens if the matter is not resolved after serving the legal notice?

Ans6. If the matter remains unresolved after the stipulated time, the advocate, based on the client’s instructions, may proceed to initiate legal action, such as filing a civil suit, against the concerned government or public officer.

Q7. Are there any exceptions where a legal notice may not be required?

Ans7. In certain urgent situations, where seeking a prior notice may defeat the purpose of legal action, the court may exempt the requirement. However, such exemptions are rare, and it is generally advisable to serve the legal notice as a standard practice.

Q8. Can I claim damages in the legal notice?

Ans8. Yes, you can specify the damages claimed in the legal notice. Clearly outline the physical, mental, or financial suffering caused due to the actions of the government or public officer.

Q9. What if the government or public officer disputes the claims mentioned in the legal notice?

Ans9. If there is a dispute, and the matter remains unresolved, the next step would be to proceed with filing a civil suit in the appropriate court as per the guidance of your advocate.

Q10. Is Section 80 applicable to all types of legal claims against the Government?

Ans10. Section 80 primarily applies to civil claims. In criminal cases, the government is usually considered the prosecuting authority, and the requirement of serving a legal notice may not be applicable.

Consult Our Legal Team for Expert Guidance on Legal Notices and Navigate Legal Complexities Today!

Adv. Priyanka Sampathy

Adv. Priyanka Sampathy


5 | 163+ User Reviews

Priyanka Sampathy is a legal consultant who prioritises ethical and professional conduct while striving to achieve desired outcomes. With over 15 years of independent practice, she has significant expertise in handling legal cases. Her exceptional communication skills enable her to express arguments in a clear and persuasive manner, both in writing and verbally, in Hindi, English, and Telugu.

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