Understanding Section 427 of The Indian Penal Code

by  Adv. Rupa K.N  

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Section 427

Introduction

The offense of Mischief is enumerated under Section 425 of the Indian Penal Code, keeping in mind with this segment of Mischief, whoever designedly or with knowledge commits such an act that eventually causes wrongful loss or harm to the massive public or an individual or causes damage to their belongings which ultimately diminishes its value or affects the character, commits the offense of mischief.

Understanding the offense of Mischief u/Section 425 & 427

To understand Section 427, one must understand section 425 first of all, which defines the offense of mischief.

  • Section 425 of the Indian Penal Code
  • Mischief

Whoever with intent to cause, or knowing that he is likely to cause, wrongful loss or damage to the public or to any person, causes the destruction of any property, or any such change in any property or in the situation thereof as destroys or diminishes its value or utility, or affects it injuriously, commits “mischief.”

Explanation 1-

It is not essential to the offense of mischief that the offender should intend to cause loss or damage to the owner of the property injured or destroyed. It is sufficient if he intends to cause, or knows that he is likely to cause, wrongful loss or damage to any person by injuring any property, whether it belongs to that person or not.

Explanation 2-

Mischief may be committed by an act affecting property belonging to the person who commits the act or to that person and others jointly.

  • More about Section 425 and Section 427

Section 425 has a much broader scope. It is relevant to each personal and public damage. If the necessities of the offense aren’t fulfilled, then this Section will not be applicable. Section 426 of the Indian Penal Code states the punishment for the offence of mischief, which holds an accused accountable for imprisonment, fine, or both. Section 427 to Section 440 explains exceptional aggravated styles of mischief primarily based on the valuation of the wrongful loss and harm caused to the property. Those sections additionally include the punishments relying upon the severity of the offence. One such aggravated form of mischief is defined below in Section 427 of the Indian penal Code.

  • Section 427 of the Indian Penal code

Section 427 of the Indian Penal Code describes an aggravated form of mischief that’s based totally on the degree of the harm brought about. Section 427 especially speaks about the damage brought about due to mischief to the amount of rupees fifty or above.

  • Section 427

Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees

Whoever commits mischief and thereby causes loss or damage to the amount of fifty rupees or upwards shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, with a fine, or with both.

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Prerequisites of Section 427

  1. There must be intention and knowledge on the part of the accused while committing the act, which may cause wrongful loss or damage to the individual or property of the other.
  2. There must be damage or loss caused to the individual
  3. The valuation of such loss or damage must be Rs.50/- or upwards.

To hold a person guilty u/Section 427, all of the above prerequisites must have been fulfilled.

Examples of Section 427 for easy understanding

  1. If Ram burns down the valuable security belonging to Shyam with the intention to cause Shyam wrongful loss, then the act Ram committed is an offence punishable u/Section 427.
  2. If Gita throws the ring belonging to Sita into the river with the intention to cause wrongful loss to said Sita, then the act Gita committed is an offence punishable u/Section 427.

More about Section 427

Thus, Section 427 is part of Section 425 of the Indian Penal Code that describes the offence of mischief primarily based on the valuation amount of rupees fifty or more. As much like section 425, additionally, beneath Section 427, there needs to be an intention to cause damage or wrongful harm to the public or an individual through an accused. The biggest difference in each Section is the degree of the harm prompted to the aggrieved party. 

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Non-applicability of Section 427

However, Section 427 isn’t always applicable in cases in which the accused has devoted an act without a goal or motive or without the know-how that such action would motive damage to the public or another person.

For instance, the removal of tea stalls by way of an order from a government officer no longer serve motive offence or mischief. This segment is also no longer to be had for the cost of harm much less than fifty rupees.

Nature of Section 427

  1. Offence stated u/Section 427 is Non-Cognizable, which means in such cases, police cannot arrest without a warrant of arrest.
  2. The offence stated u/Section 427 is Bailable in nature.
  3. Offense u/Section 427 is liable to be investigated by any Magistrate under whose jurisdiction offence is committed.
  4. Offence u/Section 427 is Compoundable at the discretion of the person to whom the said damage is caused.
  5. The proceedings of offences u/Section 427 are held in Trial Courts.
  6. Offence u/Section 427 is punishable with imprisonment up to two years or a fine or both.

Punishment u/Section 427

As we all know, the nature and extent of punishment depend upon the gravity of the offence committed. The Offence u/Section 427 is punishable with imprisonment up to two years or a fine or both, depending upon the graveness of the act committed.

Talk to Our Experts and Learn How Intentional Acts Could Lead to Imprisonment and Fines

Conclusion 

Mischief is one such offence that may be found in everyday existence consisting of the destruction of vital such things as cellular, furnishings, land, and every other property, that affects the person. To hold an accused accountable for this offence, it’s far crucial to have the intention at the back of committing such an act. And such an aim should be to reason damage to one’s belongings.

If some sort of wrongful loss to your belongings, valuables, or holdings, is caused by such act then it is highly advisable to seek legal consultation or guidance from experts. 

In case of any such act which caused you any sort of wrongful loss to any of your belongings, valuables, or holdings, it is highly advisable for you that you should seek legal advice or book a legal consultation with our experts to deal with any wrongful loss so caused to you.

Adv. Rupa K.N

Adv. Rupa K.N

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Advocate Rupa K.N, with over 24 years of independent practice, specialises in providing legal expertise, advice and guidance to a broad range of customers. Having been practising law independently for several years after doing her B.A. LLB from Bangalore University and PGDM from the National Institute of Personnel Management.

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