In India, an individual can obtain an heirship certificate for an immovable property by approaching a government office or authority that will issue the heirship certificate for an immovable property after inspection of documents and the land.
The office where property titles are registered or maintained is where one can apply and obtain an heirship certificate/ Succession certificate.
Meaning of Succession certificate/ heirship certificate for immovable property
The Indian government issues an heirship certificate for immovable property or a Succession certificate to validate the property owner of a legal heir or any other eligible person.
It is official evidence that the person applying for this certificate or who owns this is a legal heir of the deceased individual.
The two reasons why an heirship certificate for immovable property is very crucial to obtain:
- It acts as proof that the legal heir is entitled to receive the property of the deceased person in a legally correct way, so their ownership is transferred righteously.
- This certificate also helps to transfer property titles to the government to the successors of the deceased.
Obtaining an heirship certificate for immovable property
The person who is applying for the heirship certificate for immovable property is required to provide basic information and documents related to identity proof, address proof, and the deceased person’s death certificate.
- The place of death, the location where the deceased person resided, and their identity proof is required and is to be provided by the legal heir of the dead person.
- In cases where the will is not present, the Indian Government states that as per laws of Succession, it will be distributed among the legal heirs or successors.
- This states that the property will be given to the closest relatives or family of the deceased person, whoever is present. The class division of heirs is essential as they get their share as per the divided categories( whichever is present).
- If the deceased person has no family members or relatives who would claim the property or assets/ any belongings, then it becomes the state property or asset.
- So generally, this becomes a problem if there are no relatives or family people nearby who want to take possession of the assets and properties. In these cases, a Succession certificate or heirship certificate for immovable property is necessary to own it or claim it.
- The simplest way to get an heirship certificate for immovable property is to approach the District Court, where the property of the deceased person was probated.
- The official always keeps a copy of the probate and other office documents or information related to it for records.
- The legal heir can request an official copy of the estate probate order or other documents. After achieving this, they can easily arrange an heirship certificate for an immovable property by approaching a proper authority.
- Acquiring an heirship certificate of immovable property is not affected by will registration. The heir must follow specific government guidelines to attain a certificate through the proper authorities.
- It is not mandatory to complete will registration, so it will not matter when applying for an heirship certificate for immovable property. Still, registration does act as an official record in such cases.
- Even if the person does not have access or capabilities to arrange any of the above mentioned documents, they can take legal consultation from a property lawyer who will guide the individual to furnish the necessary documents, which can be used for obtaining the heirship certificate for immovable property.
- The other way is to approach a notary office and request an heirship certificate for an immovable property that will state rights of ownership.
- The legal heir can also go to Probate court and ask for an inventory of the deceased to be produced and transferred.
- These methods only work if the legal heir has proof that they are the rightful owners of the property left behind by the deceased individual.
- The documents which will prove this fact can be furnished as per legal consultation from a property expert lawyer who will solve any queries related to this matter.
Documents necessary for obtaining an Heirship Certificate for Immovable Property
Certain information and documents are needed to validate and authenticate the legal relation and ownership rights for Succession. The judicial stamp paper charges are paid, which will be applicable as deciphered by the law.
The documents necessary are as follows:
- The legal heirs of the deceased person should provide a No Objection Certificate or NOC.
- The legal heirs or the deceased person is to provide necessary details and information about them.
- Family information of the legal heir and the deceased person is given.
- The legal heirs should provide clear and concise data related to assets, debts, funds, or any other activities of the deceased person.
- Brief property details.
- Deceased person’s location of death, residence, and ID proof with address proof.
- Time of death
- The petitioner who applied
A petition is compulsory to be filed in the district court to initiate the process of obtaining an heirship certificate of immovable property or a Succession certificate.
The petition includes related documents, ID proof, address proof, or any other information as deciphered.
The location where the deceased person resided is usually taken into account for the official recording, and the asset or property that is in question is included.
The heirship certificate for an immovable property can be obtained by maintaining property documents and valid information regarding the deceased person’s assets. This will enable the legal heir to get the transfer of title and rights for the estate.