Understanding Relinquishment Deeds: Meaning, Format, Documents and Benefits

by  Adv. Deepak Pandey  

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Navigating Property Ownership: Everything You Need to Know About Relinquishment Deeds

Introduction

In the realm of property ownership and transfers, relinquishment deeds play a pivotal role, particularly in scenarios involving joint Hindu properties in India.

This legal document facilitates the transfer of ownership rights from one individual to another, often utilized when a co-owner or legal heir wishes to release their share in an inherited property. This comprehensive guide aims to delve into the intricacies of relinquishment deeds, consolidating information from multiple sources.

If you’re interested in understanding the legal verification process for property in India, you may want to explore our detailed blog on “Legal Verification of Property in India.” This article provides insights into the steps involved in ensuring the legal authenticity of property and highlights the importance of conducting thorough due diligence before making any property transactions.

What is a Relinquishment Deed?

A relinquishment deed is a legal instrument that effectuates the transfer of property ownership from one person to another. This voluntary act is typically employed when co-owners or legal heirs reach an agreement for the transfer of property rights. The deed must be signed by the relinquishing party, attested by two witnesses, and subsequently registered with the relevant authority for legal validation.

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Objectives of Relinquishment Deeds:

The primary objectives of a relinquishment deed are to ensure a transparent and lawful transfer of property ownership. Commonly utilized in scenarios where co-owners or heirs wish to reallocate shares, the deed aims to prevent disputes, establish clear property titles, and provide evidence in case of legal contentions.

Relinquishment Deed Format:

A standardized format for a relinquishment deed typically includes details of the releasor, releasee, relationship, and particulars of the property. The document is executed out of love and affection, with the relinquishing party affirming the release of their share in favour of the release.

                        RELINQUISHMENT DEED

This Relinquishment Deed is made and executed on this [Date] day of [Month, Year] by:

The Executants/Releasors
Name: [Full Name]
Relationship: [Relationship to the deceased, if applicable]
Address: [Complete Address]

In Favor Of:
The Releasee
Name: [Full Name]
Relationship: [Relationship to the deceased, if applicable]
Address: [Complete Address]

WHEREAS,
Late [Deceased Person's Name], was a subscriber under [Provide details like National Pension System (NPS), if applicable].
The said Late [Deceased Person's Name] died intestate and without nominating anyone to receive the claim for withdrawal of accumulated pension wealth.

NOW THIS DEED WITNESSETH AS UNDER:
The Executants/Releasers, out of natural love and affection and without any monetary consideration, hereby release and relinquish their respective shares in the claim under [Specify the asset or property], in favor of [Full Name of Releasee], and hereby affirm and declare that they and their legal heirs shall have no right, claim, or interest in the said claim for withdrawal of accumulated pension wealth of Late [Deceased Person's Name], and the same shall vest absolutely in [Full Name of Releasee], the Releasee.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Executants/Releasers and the Releasee have signed this deed of relinquishment on this day, [Date, Month, Year], in the presence of the following witnesses:
Executants/Releasers:
Name: [Witness 1 Name]
Address: [Witness 1 Address]
Signature:

Name: [Witness 2 Name]
Address: [Witness 2 Address]
Signature:

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When to Create a Relinquishment Deed:

Several situations may necessitate the creation of a relinquishment deed:

  1. Death: In the case of intestate death, a relinquishment deed can clarify property ownership among legal heirs.
  2. Divorce: It may be required as part of a divorce settlement when one spouse wishes to relinquish their share to the other.
  3. Urgent Need of Funds: Co-owners seeking to liquidate their share for immediate cash may use a relinquishment deed.
  4. Minor Legal Heir: Legal guardians of minor heirs may use the deed to transfer property on behalf of the minor with court approval.
  5. Goodness of Heart: Individuals voluntarily releasing their share as an act of kindness to other co-owners may use a relinquishment deed.

Who Can Create a Relinquishment Deed?

Only legal heirs of the property or asset have the authority to relinquish their shares. This allows the transfer of constitutional rights in an inherited property to another legal heir, promoting fairness and transparency.

Points to Remember while Drafting a Relinquishment Deed:

Several crucial considerations must be taken into account during the drafting process:

  1. Quick Procedure: The release deed offers a quick and cost-effective procedure for property transfer.
  2. Mandatory Registration: Section 17 of the Registration Act of 1908 mandates the registration of transfer of shares in an immovable asset.
  3. Mandatory Signature: All involved parties should sign the deed in the presence of at least two witnesses.
  4. Consideration: A release deed can be executed with or without monetary consideration.

Documents Required for Relinquishment Deed:

  1. Legal and registered documents of the property.
  2. A written document stating the intention of relinquishment.
  3. Details of all co-owners.
  4. Relinquishment deed particulars.
  5. Name, age, and address of the releasor and releasee.
  6. Description of the property.
  7. Details of the consideration (if required).
  8. Aadhar Card, ID Proofs of the parties.
  9. PAN card of both parties.
  10. Any other agreements related to the property.
  11. Any other documents required by the authorities.

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Benefits of a Relinquishment Deed:

  1. Simplifies Property Transfer: Facilitates straightforward property transfer among family members without the need for a sale deed.
  2. Avoids Legal Disputes: By preventing disputes over property ownership and inheritance, it promotes a smoother transfer process.
  3. Smooth Succession Planning: Integral for succession planning, ensuring seamless property transfer between generations.
  4. Faster Processing: Allows for a quick and efficient transfer of ownership.
  5. Legal Protection: Establishes a clear record of the transfer, offering legal protection to involved parties.

Can the Deed of Relinquishment be Revoked?

While typically irrevocable, a relinquishment deed can be revoked under certain circumstances, including misinterpretation, coercion, influence, or fraudulent acts. Revocation requires cooperation from all parties involved or legal recourse through the court.

Conclusion:

In conclusion, the creation and understanding of a relinquishment deed are crucial for individuals navigating the intricacies of property ownership, especially in joint Hindu properties. Whether prompted by a sense of familial responsibility, financial need, or legal proceedings, a well-drafted relinquishment deed ensures a smooth and transparent transfer of property rights. Seeking legal guidance or consulting professionals may be advisable for those unfamiliar with the legal nuances involved in this process.

FAQs on Relinquishment Deed

Q1. What is a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans1. A Relinquishment Deed is a legal document facilitating the voluntary transfer of property ownership from one person to another. It is commonly used when a co-owner or legal heir wishes to release their share in an inherited property.

Q2. What are the main objectives of a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans2. The main objectives include ensuring a transparent and lawful transfer of property, avoiding disputes over ownership, establishing clear property titles, and providing legal protection to all parties involved.

Q3. Can a Relinquishment Deed be revoked?

Ans3. While typically irrevocable, a Relinquishment Deed can be revoked under specific circumstances, such as misinterpretation, coercion, influence, or fraudulent acts. Revocation requires the consent of all parties involved or legal recourse through the court.

Q4. Who can create a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans4. Only legal heirs of the property or asset have the authority to create a Relinquishment Deed. It allows the transfer of constitutional rights in an inherited property to another legal heir.

Q5. When should a Relinquishment Deed be drafted?

Ans5. A Relinquishment Deed should be drafted in scenarios such as death without a will, divorce settlements, urgent need of funds, when dealing with minor legal heirs, or when co-owners wish to relinquish shares voluntarily.

Q6. What documents are required for a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans6. Documents required include legal and registered property documents, a written statement of intention, details of co-owners, Relinquishment Deed particulars, Aadhar Card, ID proofs, PAN cards, any other property-related agreements, and documents required by authorities.

Q7. Is registration of a Relinquishment Deed mandatory?

Ans7. Yes, registration is mandatory according to Section 17(1)(b) of the Registration Act of 1908. This ensures legal legitimacy and validity of the Relinquishment Deed.

Q8. What are the benefits of a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans8. The benefits include simplifying property transfers, avoiding legal disputes, aiding in smooth succession planning, faster processing, legal protection, and being a cost-effective method of transferring property rights.

Q9. What is the time limit for revoking a Relinquishment Deed?

Ans9. A Relinquishment Deed can typically be revoked within three years from the date when the rights were transferred. After this period, revoking becomes more challenging and may require legal recourse.

Q10. Can a minor be a beneficiary under a Relinquishment Deed?Ans10. Yes, a co-owner can transfer legal rights or shares in an inherited parental property to a minor through a Relinquishment Deed, subject to the provisions of the Indian Contract Act, 1872.

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Adv. Deepak Pandey

Adv. Deepak Pandey

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Deepak Pandey offers legal consultancy and advisory services with a keen emphasis on ethical and professional conduct to achieve favourable results. He has 5 years of experience in handling legal cases. As a result of his strong communication skills, Deepak is able to present his clients' cases with clarity and persuasion.

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