Guide to Power of Attorney for Sale of Property

by  Adv. Anamika Chauhan  

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Simplify Your Property Sale Process: Harness the Power of Attorney

In the realm of real estate transactions, the sale of property often involves numerous legal complexities and procedural hurdles. However, with the right legal instrument, such as a Power of Attorney (POA), the process can be simplified and expedited. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the intricacies of utilizing a Power of Attorney for the sale of property, exploring its purpose, benefits, legal implications, and the steps involved in its execution.

Understanding Power of Attorney for the Sale of Property

A Power of Attorney for the sale of property is a legal document that grants authority to an individual or entity (the agent) to act on behalf of the property owner (the principal) in matters related to the sale of real estate. This document empowers the appointed agent to perform various tasks and make decisions on behalf of the principal, facilitating the sale process and ensuring legal compliance.

Purpose and Benefits

The primary purpose of utilizing a Power of Attorney for the sale of property is to provide a mechanism for delegating authority to a trusted representative to handle all aspects of the sale transaction. Some key benefits of using a POA for property sale include:

1. Convenience: The principal can authorize an agent to represent them in property sale negotiations, document signing, and other formalities, eliminating the need for their physical presence.

2. Flexibility: POA allows property owners to designate someone to handle the sale process on their behalf, particularly useful in situations where the owner is unavailable or incapacitated.

3. Efficiency: By appointing a knowledgeable agent through a POA, property owners can expedite the sale process, minimize delays, and ensure the timely completion of transactions.

4. Legal Compliance: POA ensures that property transactions are conducted by applicable laws and regulations, safeguarding the interests of all parties involved.

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Types of Power of Attorney for Property Sale

There are several types of Power of Attorney that can be used for property sale transactions, including:

1. General Power of Attorney: Grants broad authority to the agent to handle all aspects of the property sale on behalf of the principal.

2. Limited Power of Attorney: Specifies the scope of authority granted to the agent for specific tasks related to the property sale, such as signing sale documents or attending closing proceedings.

3. Durable Power of Attorney: Remains valid even if the principal becomes incapacitated, ensuring continuity in the property sale process.

4. Special Power of Attorney: Authorizes the agent to perform specific acts or tasks related to the property sale, as outlined in the POA document.

Legal Implications

When utilizing a Power of Attorney for the sale of property, it’s essential to consider the following legal implications:

1. Authority and Responsibility: The agent appointed through a POA has a legal obligation to act in the best interests of the principal and adhere to any instructions or limitations specified in the document.

2. Documentation and Formalities: All property sale transactions conducted through POA must comply with legal requirements, including proper documentation, witnessing, and notarization where necessary.

3. Revocation and Termination: The principal retains the right to revoke or terminate the POA at any time, particularly if circumstances change or trust is compromised.

4. Third-Party Reliance: Third parties involved in the property sale transaction, such as buyers, sellers, and financial institutions, may rely on the authority granted in the POA, emphasizing the importance of clarity and accuracy in its execution.

Key Points to Consider

  1. Verify the Identity and Credentials of the Attorney-in-Fact: It is essential to verify the identity and credentials of the Attorney-in-Fact before granting them authority. The property owner should ensure that the attorney-in-fact is trustworthy and has the necessary skills and experience to handle the sale transaction.
  1. Specify the Powers and Limitations: The POA should specify the powers granted to the attorney-in-fact and any limitations. The property owner should ensure that the POA is drafted in a way that protects their interests and does not give the attorney-in-fact excessive authority.
  1. Execute the POA with Due Diligence: The POA should be executed with due diligence and in compliance with legal requirements to avoid any future disputes. The property owner should ensure that the POA is executed on non-judicial stamp paper of appropriate value and signed in the presence of two witnesses.
  1. Revocation of POA: The POA can be revoked by the property owner at any time by giving written notice to the attorney-in-fact. The revocation should be registered at the Sub-Registrar’s office to make it legally valid and enforceable.

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Procedure for Creating a Power of Attorney for Sale of Property in India

Step 1: Drafting the Document

The first step in creating a POA for Sale of Property is to draft the document. The document should be drafted by the provisions of the Indian Registration Act, 1908, and the Powers of Attorney Act, 1882. The document should specify the powers granted to the attorney-in-fact and any limitations. It should also mention the duration of the POA and the circumstances under which it can be revoked.

To draft the document, consider consulting a lawyer specializing in real estate law or use a template provided by a reputable source. Ensure that the document includes the following information:

  • Full names and addresses of both parties involved (principal and attorney-in-fact).
  • Date of execution.
  • Description of the property being sold.
  • Scope of the attorney-in-fact’s authority (either general or specific).
  • Duration of the POA.
  • Circumstances under which the POA can be revoked.

Step 2: Execution of the Document

Once the document is drafted, it must be executed on non-judicial stamp paper of appropriate value. The stamp duty for a POA varies from state to state in India. Consult a lawyer or a stamp vendor to determine the appropriate stamp duty for your POA. The document must be signed by the principal in the presence of two witnesses. The witnesses should also sign the document and provide their full name, address, and occupation.

Ensure that the document is properly executed by following these guidelines:

  • Use non-judicial stamp paper of appropriate value.
  • Sign the document in the presence of two witnesses.
  • Have the witnesses sign the document along with their full name, address, and occupation.

Step 3: Registration of the Document

It is advisable to register the POA at the Sub-Registrar’s office to make it legally valid and enforceable. The registration fee for a POA varies from state to state in India. Consult a lawyer or a sub-registrar’s office to determine the appropriate registration fee for your POA. Once the POA is registered, the attorney-in-fact can act on behalf of the property owner in selling the property.

Register the POA by following these guidelines:

  • Visit the nearest Sub-Registrar’s office.
  • Provide the required documentation, including the duly stamped and signed POA.
  • Pay the applicable registration fees.
  • Receive the certified copy of the registered POA.

Step 4: Verification of the Attorney-in-Fact

Before granting authority to the attorney-in-fact, it is essential to verify their identity and credentials. The property owner should ensure that the attorney-in-fact is trustworthy and has the necessary skills and experience to handle the sale transaction. The attorney-in-fact should provide their identification documents, such as a passport or a driving license, and their credentials, such as a power of attorney certificate or a letter of authorization.

Verify the attorney-in-fact by following these guidelines:

  • Request copies of the attorney-in-fact’s identification documents.
  • Check the authenticity of the identification documents.
  • Review the attorney-in-fact’s credentials, such as a power of attorney certificate or a letter of authorization.

Step 5: Revocation of the POA

The POA can be revoked by the property owner at any time by giving written notice to the attorney-in-fact. The revocation should be registered at the Sub-Registrar’s office to make it legally valid and enforceable. The property owner should ensure that the attorney-in-fact returns all the original documents related to the property and any funds received on their behalf.

Revoke the POA by following these guidelines:

  • Write a formal notice stating the intention to revoke the POA.
  • Deliver the notice to the attorney-in-fact.
  • Register the revocation notice at the Sub-Registrar’s office.
  • Obtain a certified copy of the revocation notice.

Legal Requirements for Power of Attorney for Sale of Property:

  1. Indian Registration Act, 1908:


The Indian Registration Act, 1908, governs the registration of documents related to the transfer of immovable property in India. According to this act, a POA for Sale of Property must be registered at the Sub-Registrar’s office to make it legally valid and enforceable. The registration fee for a POA varies from state to state in India.

  1. Powers of Attorney Act, 1882:


The Powers of Attorney Act, 1882, governs the creation and execution of POAs in India. According to this act, a POA for Sale of Property must be executed on non-judicial stamp paper of appropriate value. The stamp duty for a POA varies from state to state in India. The document must be signed by the principal in the presence of two witnesses. The witnesses should also sign the document and provide their full name, address, and occupation.

  1. Specific Requirements for POA for Sale of Property:


In addition to the above legal requirements, a POA for Sale of Property must also meet the following specific requirements:

  • The POA should clearly specify the powers granted to the attorney-in-fact and any limitations.
  • The POA should mention the duration of the POA and the circumstances under which it can be revoked.
  • The POA should include a description of the property being sold.
  • The POA should specify whether the attorney-in-fact has the authority to receive the sale proceeds on behalf of the property owner.
  • The POA should be executed by the principal in the presence of two witnesses who should also sign the document.
  1. Compliance with State Laws:


It is important to note that the legal requirements for creating a POA for the Sale of Property may vary from state to state in India. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a lawyer or a sub-registrar’s office to ensure compliance with the specific laws and regulations of the state where the property is located.

Format for Power of Attorney for Sale of Property

POWER OF ATTORNEY TO EXECUTE A DEED OF SALE

TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME,

I, [Your Name], residing at [Your Address], send Greetings –

WHEREAS, I have agreed to sell my property situated at [Property Address] and which is more particularly described in the Schedule hereunder written, by an agreement for sale dated [Date] entered into with Mr./Ms. [Buyer’s Name].

AND WHEREAS, the sale is expected to be completed within a short time but as I am leaving [Country/Location] soon and will be out of the country for a long time, I will be unable to attend after the sale and to execute the said Deed of Conveyance and other required documents.

AND WHEREAS, I, therefore, propose to appoint my [Relationship], Mrs./Mr. [Attorney’s Name], as my true and lawful attorney with full power to do and execute the following acts, deeds, and things which he/she has agreed to do.

NOW KNOW YOU ALL AND THESE PRESENTS WITNESS That I, [Your Name], hereby appoint and constitute Mrs./Mr. [Attorney’s Name] to be my true and lawful attorney or agent with full authority or power to do and execute the following acts, deeds, and things in my name, on my behalf, and for me, viz.:

1) On or at the time of completion of the sale of the said property, to execute the Deed of Conveyance in terms of the draft approved by my advocate in favor of the said Purchaser or his nominee.

2) To receive the sale price payable by the Purchaser under the said agreement and to pass a valid receipt for the same.

3) To sign the necessary transfer forms for transferring the said property to the name of the Purchaser in the records of the Municipal Corporation and in the Revenue records of the Government.

4) To execute any other documents incidental to the Deed of conveyance if required and as advised by my advocate.

5) To lodge the Deed of Conveyance and other documents, if any, executed and requiring registration in the office of the Registrar or Sub Registrar of Assurances concerned and/or to admit execution made before him/her.

6) To give formal possession of the said property to the Purchaser by handing over vacant possession of such part of the said property as is in my personal occupation and by attorning to the Purchasers, the tenants who are occupying the said property.

7) To make an account of the rents and outstanding of the said property by way of taxes, and other charges, deductions, etc. as on the date of completion and if after making account and adjustments thereof any amount is found payable by me to the Purchaser, to pay the same or if any amount is found payable by the Purchaser to me, to receive the same and give a valid receipt for the same.

8) To pay stamp duty and registration charges in respect of the said document or any part thereof, if I am liable to pay the same under the said agreement or in law.

9) To settle and pay my advocate’s fees in respect of the sale out of the sale proceeds.

10) To credit the net sale proceeds when received to my Bank Account with [Bank Name].

11) To apply for and obtain an Income Tax Certificate under section 230A of the Income Tax Act, 1961 for registration of the said Deed.

12) And to do all other acts and things as may be required to be done for completing the sale of the said property and executing the Deed of Conveyance, as I would do if personally present.

AND I hereby agree to ratify all lawful acts and things done by the said attorney in pursuance of the powers herein contained.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF I have put my hand this [Date] day of [Month], [Year].

THE SCHEDULE ABOVE REFERRED TO:

[Description of the property]

Signed and delivered by the within-named [Your Name] in the presence of:

[Witness Name] [Your Signature]

[Witness Name] [Your Attorney’s Signature]

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Conclusion

In conclusion, a Power of Attorney for the sale of property serves as a valuable legal instrument for streamlining and facilitating real estate transactions. By empowering trusted representatives to act on behalf of property owners, POA ensures convenience, efficiency, and legal compliance throughout the sale process. 

However, it’s essential to understand the legal implications and follow proper procedures when executing a POA for property sale to protect the interests of all parties involved.

Frequently Asked Questions on Power of Attorney for Sale of Property

Q1. What is a Power of Attorney for Sale of Property?

Ans1. A Power of Attorney for the Sale of Property is a legal document that grants authority to an individual or entity (the agent) to act on behalf of the property owner (the principal) in matters related to the sale of real estate.

Q2. Why would I need a Power of Attorney for selling my property?

Ans2. A POA allows property owners to delegate authority to a trusted representative to handle all aspects of the sale transaction, providing convenience, flexibility, and efficiency, especially if the owner is unavailable or residing in a different location.

Q3. What are the different types of Power of Attorney for property sale?

Ans3. There are several types of POA for property sale, including General Power of Attorney, Limited Power of Attorney, Durable Power of Attorney, and Special Power of Attorney, each with its own scope and limitations.

Q4. What tasks can the appointed agent perform under a Power of Attorney for property sale?

Ans4. The appointed agent can perform various tasks on behalf of the principal, including negotiating sale terms, signing sale documents, receiving sale proceeds, transferring property ownership, and handling legal formalities.

Q5. Is a Power of Attorney for property sale legally binding?

Ans5. Yes, a POA for property sale is legally binding if executed in compliance with relevant laws and regulations, including proper documentation, witnessing, and registration where necessary.

Q6. Can I revoke a Power of Attorney for property sale?

Ans6. Yes, the principal retains the right to revoke or terminate the POA at any time by giving written notice to the agent. The revocation should be registered to make it legally valid and enforceable.

Q7. What legal requirements should I consider when creating a Power of Attorney for a property sale?

Ans7. Legal requirements may vary depending on the jurisdiction, but generally, the POA should be executed on non-judicial stamp paper, signed by the principal and witnesses, and registered at the appropriate authority’s office.

Q8. How can I ensure the authenticity and reliability of the appointed agent?

Ans8. Before granting authority to the agent, it’s essential to verify their identity, credentials, and trustworthiness. Request copies of identification documents and review their qualifications and experience in handling property transactions.

Q9. What happens if the property owner becomes incapacitated after granting Power of Attorney?

Ans9. If the property owner becomes incapacitated, a Durable Power of Attorney remains valid, allowing the agent to continue managing the sale process on their behalf, ensuring continuity and legal compliance.

Q10. What should I do if I have further questions or concerns about the Power of Attorney for the property sale?

Ans10. If you have further questions or concerns about POA for property sale, it’s advisable to consult a legal expert specializing in real estate law for personalized guidance and assistance.

Take the first step towards a hassle-free property sale. Contact us today to learn more about our Power of Attorney services and how we can assist you in making your property transaction as smooth and efficient as possible.

Adv. Anamika Chauhan

Adv. Anamika Chauhan

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Advocate Anamika Chauhan has been practising law independently for the last 5 years, during which she has gained extensive experience in handling cases. She offers legal consultancy and advisory services with a focus on achieving ethical and professional results. In addition, her excellent communication skills allow her to articulate arguments persuasively in both written and verbal forms.

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