Legal Guide

What is Article 59 of the Limitation Act?

by Bhavya Choudhary · 4 min read

Article 59 of the Limitation Act


  • The right to appeal is allowed by the Code of Civil procedure, but the limitation period is not stated for filing the appeal. It is conferred by the Limitation Act 1963. It provides duration for filing an appeal in a court of Law.
  • This act asserts that the appeal that is against the order or decree can be filed in the High Court within 90 days and 30 days for other courts from the date against the order or decree.
  • The litigation period is used for the general welfare as it proposes the basic principles of laws encompassing that only diligent and Glimet-eyed people are protected. The concept of equity here is to aid only the vigilantes as the indolent are purposely eliminated. It pertains to people who are reckless about their rights and will not be protected by Law.
  • The decision was inevitable to ensure that the Court of Law cannot be approached after the duration has passed for any appeal. (Vigilantibus Non Dormientibus Jura Subveniunt)
  • Different suits are prescribed durations for redress and justice; this time limit is deciphered by the Law of Limitation. Any suit filed after the prescribed period is affected by the Limitation law. It reduces the long slumber of unnecessary hassle and rights misused by any civilian. It is a step to protect the rights of the established users.
  • Several stages were made to establish the Statutory Law. The first Limitation Act was established in India in 1859. The final Limitation Act was entrenched in 1963.
  • Some rudimentary knowledge regarding different provisions and their limitations is crucial for every citizen.

What is the meaning of the Limitation period?

  • The Authorities have established durations within which a citizen should appeal for justice in a court of Law.
  • For Example: If you have lent money to some individual and they have not returned it, then you can appeal in court for justice within three years from the date the money was lent. After this period is over, you cannot enforce any rights, and the court cannot mitigate this issue; this is known as the Limitation period.
  • The Limitation Act applies to the entire boundary of India except in Jammu and Kashmir.

Article 59 of the Limitation Act.

Part IV  suits relating to decrees or instruments.

  • The description: To cancel or set aside an instrument or decree or for the rescission of a contract.
  • Period of limitation: 3 years
  • Time from which period begins to run: When the facts entitling the plaintiff to have the instrument or decree canceling or set aside or the contract rescinded becomes first known to him.

An example of Article 59 of the Limitation Act

  • If an individual has completed land registration with a registrar and is registered under the Indian Registration Act 1908, the court will send its decree copy to the registrar’s office.
  • The officer then notes the cancellation as prescribed in the decree copy. Keeping this record is necessary for avoiding disputes and complications.
  • If the individual claims that the transfer deed was approved and was executed in favor of another individual, but the transactions were depraved by fraud in contents or nature.
  • They are obligated to file suit stated by Article 59 of the Limitation Act to avoid such transactions within the limitation period. The time duration for appealing and seeking justice is three years as per Article 59 of the Limitation Act.
  • The remedy can become time-barred as per Article 59 of the Limitation Act, and the right to claim the property with a land registration deed will also become barred as deciphered by Section 27 of the Limitation Act.
  • The moment the period mentioned in Article 59 of the Limitation Act expires, the execution and possession of the documents (if any) becomes void and is the same as that of any trespasser in the property covered by the deed, and the recovery claim rights will be lost forever until the individual can acquire a fresh title as per Article 59 of Limitation Act.
  • The available Article 59 of the Limitation Act governs any suit to overrule any decree by fraud or any other ground.
  • Article 59 of the Limitation Act is pertinent if the citizen in the grievance is a party to a decree, instrument, or contract. No dispute is applied by Article 59 of the Limitation Act to overrule any decree, instrument, or contract between the parties involved.
  • Article 59 of the Limitation Act is a general provision, and it is very crucial to know such legalized actions that are beneficial to a citizen. Anybody can seek legal consultation for the requirement of procuring rights through Article 59 of the Limitation Act.
  • Article 59 of the Limitation Act is attracted while any suit is filed for cancelling or overriding any contract, insurance, or decree.
  • The initial point is the date of knowledge of the alleged dispute/fraud.


  • Article 59 of the Limitation Act and laws of limitation as a whole is a very plausible implementation for quick case disposal and judgments. 
  • The litigations deciphered by Article 59 of the Limitation Act are effective as the time duration within which the suit will be handled is deciphered and is not overruled.
  • The person concerned can get the necessary remedy if they are introduced to relevant limitations and laws encompassing their decree in the question of the suit. 
  • The hearing and understanding of such criteria are vital to avail proper replacement and rights for everyone who deserves help and second chances.

The Redressal process can be complex for any lawman who is not fluent with such provisions related to Article 59 of the Limitation Act; taking legal consultation is the most effective way to ensure that timely justice is availed.

Bhavya Choudhary

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Bhavya Choudhary

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