International IPR Treaties and Conventions

by  Adv. Anamika Chauhan  




5 mins


Leveraging International IPR Treaties for Indian Creators


India’s participation in international Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) treaties and conventions plays a crucial role in shaping its IPR laws and enforcement mechanisms. These international agreements help harmonise Indian IP laws with global standards, facilitating better protection for Indian innovations and creations on a worldwide scale. 

This section will provide an overview of the critical international IPR treaties India is part of, discuss the impact of these conventions on Indian IPR law, and offer a comparative analysis of IPR laws in India versus other countries. Understanding these aspects is vital for businesses and creators to navigate the global IP landscape effectively and safeguard their intellectual property.

Don't go it alone! Partner with our International IPR Treaty experts to ensure your creations are protected worldwide. We'll guide you through complex treaties, navigate international registration processes, and ensure your intellectual property thrives globally.

Overview of International IPR Treaties India is Part of

TRIPS Agreement (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)

India is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and complies with the TRIPS Agreement, which sets minimum standards for various forms of intellectual property regulation, including patents, trademarks, and copyrights.

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property

India is a signatory to the Paris Convention, which ensures that intellectual property rights are respected across member countries and provides a framework for the protection of patents, trademarks, and industrial designs.

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

India’s participation in the Berne Convention ensures that the literary and artistic works of Indian creators are protected internationally, providing reciprocal protection in other member countries.

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)

As a member of the PCT, India allows inventors to seek patent protection internationally through a unified procedure, simplifying the process of securing patents in multiple countries.

Madrid Protocol

The Madrid Protocol facilitates the international registration of trademarks, making it easier for Indian businesses to protect their trademarks in multiple countries through a single application.

Budapest Treaty

The Budapest Treaty concerns the deposit of microorganisms for the purposes of patent procedure, streamlining biotechnological patent applications in India and internationally.

This article is part of our detailed series on Khata Transfer. For an in-depth understanding, read our Ultimate Guide to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) in India

Impact of International Conventions on Indian IPR Law

Harmonization with Global Standards

India’s participation in international IPR treaties has harmonised its IP laws with global standards, ensuring comprehensive protection for various forms of intellectual property.

Enhanced IP Administration

Treaties like the PCT and Madrid Protocol have streamlined administrative processes for patent and trademark registration, making it easier for Indian inventors and businesses to secure international protection.

Expanding your business internationally? Our team will analyse relevant international IPR treaties and craft a customised strategy to secure comprehensive protection for your intellectual property across your target markets.

Strengthened Enforcement Mechanisms

International conventions have necessitated more robust enforcement mechanisms within India to combat IP infringement, piracy, and counterfeiting, leading to the establishment of specialised IP courts and more stringent penalties.

Increased Innovation and Investment

By aligning with international standards, India has created a more conducive environment for innovation and foreign investment, encouraging multinational companies to establish R&D centres and manufacturing units in the country.

Comparative Analysis of IPR Laws: India vs. Other Countries


  • India: Patent protection lasts for 20 years from the filing date. India follows a first-to-file system and includes provisions for compulsory licensing under certain conditions.
  • United States: Similar to India, patents are granted for 20 years from the filing date. The US also follows a first-to-file system but has a more extensive patent litigation framework.
  • European Union: The European Patent Office (EPO) grants patents that are valid for 20 years. The EU has a centralised patent application process, which simplifies securing protection across member states.


  • India: Trademarks are registered for 10 years and can be renewed indefinitely. India is part of the Madrid Protocol, facilitating international registration.
  • United States: Trademarks are initially registered for 10 years and can be renewed indefinitely. The US also follows the Madrid Protocol for international registration.
  • European Union: The EU offers Community Trade Marks (CTMs) that provide protection across all member states, simplifying the process and reducing costs for businesses.


  • India: Copyright protection lasts for the lifetime of the author plus 60 years. The Berne Convention influences Indian copyright law, ensuring international protection.
  • United States: Copyright protection lasts for the lifetime of the author plus 70 years. The US has a more extensive framework for digital copyright protection.
  • European Union: Similar to the US, the EU grants copyright protection for the lifetime of the author plus 70 years, with digital solid protection measures.

Strong international IPR protection fuels global expansion and maximises your return on investment. We'll help you leverage international treaties to your advantage, ensuring your intellectual property drives success in new markets.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Q1: What international IPR treaties is India a part of?

Ans1: India is part of the TRIPS Agreement, Paris Convention, Berne Convention, Patent Cooperation Treaty, Madrid Protocol, and Budapest Treaty.

Q2: How do international conventions impact Indian IPR laws?

Ans2: International conventions have led to harmonisation with global standards, streamlined IP administration, strengthened enforcement mechanisms, and increased innovation and investment.

Q3: How do Indian patent laws compare to those in the US and EU?

Ans3: Indian patents are granted for 20 years, similar to the US and EU. India follows a first-to-file system and includes compulsory licensing provisions, while the US has a more extensive patent litigation framework.

Q4: What are the differences in trademark protection between India, the US, and the EU?

Ans4: All three regions grant trademarks for 10 years with indefinite renewals. India and the US follow the Madrid Protocol for international registration, while the EU offers Community Trade Marks for unified protection across member states.

Q5: How does copyright protection in India compare to other countries?

Ans5: Indian copyright protection lasts for the lifetime of the author plus 60 years, similar to the EU (70 years) and the US (70 years). All three regions have strong digital protection measures.

Understanding India’s role in international IPR treaties and the comparative analysis of IPR laws is essential for navigating the global intellectual property landscape. This knowledge ensures that businesses and creators can protect their innovations and creations effectively both domestically and internationally.

International IP laws can be complex. Our team will identify potential risks associated with specific treaties and develop proactive strategies to mitigate them, allowing you to focus on expanding your global footprint with confidence.

Adv. Anamika Chauhan

Adv. Anamika Chauhan


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Advocate Anamika Chauhan has been practising law independently for the last 5 years, during which she has gained extensive experience in handling cases. She offers legal consultancy and advisory services with a focus on achieving ethical and professional results. In addition, her excellent communication skills allow her to articulate arguments persuasively in both written and verbal forms.

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